Russie-Ukraine : Javelin, un atout de l’Ukraine pour résister à l’armée russe ?

En Ukraine, l’espoir de la population repose sur une arme de guerre : le Javelin. Qu’est-ce que ce lance-missile utilisé par l’armée ukrainienne pour contrer les forces russes.

Le FGM-148 Javelin est devenu le symbole de la résistance ukrainienne. Si les forces ukrainiennes sont dépassées numériquement et matériellement depuis le début de l’invasion de l’armée russe, elles peuvent compter sur cette arme qui fait de gros dégâts côté russe. Il ne s’agit pas d’une arme ukrainienne mais d’une arme américaine. Le FGM-148 Javelin est un lance-missile anti-tank pouvant être utilisé à l’épaule par un seul militaire ou bien pouvant être monté et utilisé depuis un véhicule tactique.

Ces missiles sont très souvent utilisés par des petites unités mobiles pour détruire des chars à grande distance, en frappant la partie supérieure de ces blindés. Cette arme a été développée dans les années 1980 outre-Atlantique et utilisée pour la première fois par les Américains contre des chars irakiens d’origine russe lors de la seconde guerre du Golfe au début du siècle.

Si les chiffres sont à prendre avec des pincettes, le Kremlin ayant annoncé les décès de 498 soldats russes quant un officiel ukrainien évoque un chiffre pouvant dépasser les 5000 morts, le Ministère ukrainien de la Défense a déclaré que 211 tanks, des dizaines missiles et des centaines de blindés plus légers ont été perdus par les forces russes.

St. Javelin

Si ces chiffres ne sont pas totalement fiables, une chose est sûre, le Javelin a fait des gros dégâts coté russe 9 jours après le début de la guerre. En 2018, l’Ukraine avait acheté pour 47 millions de dollars de missiles Javelin selon Reuters, puis a recommandé 180 missiles en 2021, 300 en janvier 2022 et de nouveaux arrivent encore actuellement en provenance des États-Unis.

Sur les réseaux sociaux, où les messages de soutien à l’Ukraine se multiplient depuis plusieurs jours, le Javelin est lié à une figure mystique d’un nouveau genre que les observateurs nomment «St. Javelin ». Les internautes en font l’héroïne de cette guerre à travers des mêmes représentant Marie-Madeleine enlaçant un Javelin.

Source : yahoo


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